Lactose, or milk sugar, consists of one molecule of glucose and one molecule of galactose. After separation from glucose, galactose travels to the liver for conversion to glucose. Galactokinase uses one molecule of ATP to phosphorylate galactose. The phosphorylated galactose is then converted to glucose-1-phosphate, and then eventually glucose-6-phosphate, which can be broken down in glycolysis. Cells inside the human body mostly need glucose for proper functioning. By glucose metabolism, the body technically is able to supply the cells with much-needed fuel. Glucose metabolism is the process which generally converts glucose into energy for cell utilization. This energy mostly is in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Glycolysis is the term commonly used for the breakdown of glucose into energy for cell use. glucose-6-phosphate, pyruvic acid, acetyl CoA. acetone, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, ATP. Question options: muscle mass and metabolism decline with age. they spend most of..
For this reason, type 1 diabetics require insulin delivery from other methods. Insulin resistance, most common in pre-diabetes. metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes, impairs the body’s ability to metabolise glucose. 2 Hormones important for glucose metabolism Blood glucose Pancreas Insulin Glucagon Adrenal Cortisol Epinephrine Pituitary Growth hormone. 3 Structure of the pancreas 2..  R. Maughan, Carbohydrate metabolism, Surgery.  M. Dashty, A quick look at biochemistry: Carbohydrate metabolism, Clin
Elevated glucose levels (hyperglycemia) are most often encountered clinically in the Decreased glucose levels (hypoglycemia) may result from endogenous or exogenous.. Metabolism refers to the chemical reactions that take place inside the cells of living organisms which are essential for life. For the purposes of this guide, metabolism refers to the processes that occur in the body once food is eaten.
. Many foods which are rich in carbohydrates have high starch and sugar content. They mostly include potatoes, pastas, breads, cereals, rice, and candies. After meals, carbohydrate metabolism technically takes place in the digestive tract where they are converted into glucose and absorbed in the blood. As the glucose level in the blood increases, the pancreas, which is part of the endocrine system, usually is stimulated to release the hormone insulin. However, the strain of producing all this extra insulin means that the beta cells become over worked and over time will start to fail. Metabolism defines all of the chemical changes or processes within cells, tissues, and organisms that sustain cellular homeostasis. Metabolism and Metabolic Disorders Glucose is a key metabolite in human metabolism, but it is not always available at sufficient levels in the diet. Therefore, a pathway exists that converts other foodstuffs into..
As insulin plays a part in body fat storage, people with type 1 diabetes can also build up insulin resistance, termed double diabetes. Glucose metabolism is the digestion of carbohydrate food, the first nutrient that extracts out is glucose (or sugar) and released put into the bloodstream Glucose metabolism is controlled by the endocrine pancreas through the secretion of Glucose Metabolism. Energy is required for the normal functioning of the organs in the.. ..proopiomelanocortin neuronal responses to insulin coordinate glucose metabolism. The activation or inhibition of POMC neurons regulates hepatic glucose metabolism Alibaba.com offers 198 glucose metabolism products. A wide variety of glucose metabolism options are available to yo
Our metabolism has adapted to daytime food, nighttime sleep. Nighttime eating is well associated with a higher risk of obesity, as well as diabetes Metabolism disrupting chemicals and metabolic disorders. Glucose intolerance in monosodium glutamate obesity is linked to hyperglucagonemia and insulin resistance in α.. Insulin is a hormone, a central regulating and glucose metabolism in the body. The keyword metabolism has its roots in the Greek term connoting overthrow or change
If insulin resistance exists, this therefore reduces the effectiveness of the phase 1 insulin response (as discussed in non-diabetics). The pancreas will release all the insulin it has but it likely won’t be enough because the insulin is less effective. If the diabetic or pre-diabetic is used to consuming relatively generous amounts of carbohydrates then the effects of the problem are exaggerated further. Note also that higher sugar levels tend to make people feel both lethargic and more hungry as the less effective insulin means they are less able to get glucose into the cells which need the energy. In type 2 diabetes, the effectiveness of insulin reduced called insulin resistance, and in type 1 diabetes, insulin levels in the body are deficient or no insulin. Glucose is the principal source of energy for mammalian cells. Uptake in most cells is The most important hormone involved in glucose metabolism is insulin, which enables..
Some simple carbohydrates have their own enzymatic oxidation pathways, as do only a few of the more complex carbohydrates. The disaccharide lactose, for instance, requires the enzyme lactase to be broken into its monosaccharide components, glucose and galactose. Once the food reaches the mouth, saliva secretion contains an enzyme (amylase or ptyalin secretion by parotid glands) that begins the breakdown of carbohydrate. This breakdown process continues, and glucose separates in the stomach. Once the food reaches the small intestine, glucose absorption takes place and released into the bloodstream for energy needs.Glycogen synthase is stimulated by glucose-6-phosphate, insulin, and cortisol! It is inhibited by epinephrine and glucagon! In type 1 diabetes, the proper functioning of metabolism is reliant on the delivery of insulin, usually either from injection or a pump.
Insulin generally functions to maintain normal levels of glucose in the blood by transporting glucose into the cells. Glucose metabolism usually then takes place to provide fuel to most tissues and muscles inside the body, including the heart muscles as they typically need energy constantly to perform their normal functions. When glucose supply exceeds the needs of the body, they often are stored inside the liver and muscles in the form of glycogen for future use. Excess glucose also often is converted to fatty acids and mostly stored as body fat.Any defects in the secretion and function of insulin generally results in the development of diabetes mellitus (DM). In DM, glucose metabolism usually is deranged, often giving rise to elevated levels of glucose in the blood. Symptoms of diabetes include frequent hunger pangs, thirst, and urination. Fasting blood glucose tests typically show elevated glucose levels in the blood even after many hours of fasting.Typically, the complete breakdown of one molecule of glucose by aerobic respiration (i.e. involving both glycolysis and the citric-acid cycle) is usually about 30–32 molecules of ATP. Oxidation of one gram of carbohydrate yields approximately 4 kcal of energy. The blood sugar level in the blood is controlled by three hormones namely insulin, glucagon, and epinephrine.
If a larger amount of food is eaten as a result, then the excess calories will start to get absorbed as additional body fat, which may contribute to further insulin resistance. The quiz is aimed at students on a second year nursing degree, it examines basic concepts in the biochemistry of glucose metabolism and the maintainance of gluc.. . Metabolic Effects of the Very-Low-Carbohydrate Diets: Misunderstood Villains of Human Metabolism — NCBI. Effects of beta-hydroxybutyrate on cognition in.. Carbohydrate Metabolism. Blood sugar levels rise when most foods are consumed, but The digestive system releases glucose from foods and the glucose molecules are..
Tesch P. Muscle metabolism during intense, heavy-resistance exercise. Nybo L. CNS fatigue and prolonged exercise: effect of glucose supplementation Glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity improved after both the high-intensity training and the moderate intensity continuous training, so the study suggests that people can..
To cope with this, the body has to rely on its phase 2 insulin response, however, this takes some time and therefore in that time, without sufficient insulin available, blood sugar levels in the type 2 diabetic or pre-diabetic are very likely to rise higher than normal. Glucose-6-phosphate can then progress through glycolysis. Glycolysis only requires the input of one molecule of ATP when the glucose originates in glycogen. Alternatively, glucose-6-phosphate can be converted back into glucose in the liver and the kidneys, allowing it to raise blood glucose levels if necessary.
The increased presence of phosphate in cells is a starvation signal: All enzymes that raise blood sugar levels are active in their phosphorylated form!Glycolysis is the process of breaking down a glucose molecule into two pyruvate molecules, while storing energy released during this process as ATP and NADH. Nearly all organisms that break down glucose utilize glycolysis. Glucose regulation and product use are the primary categories in which these pathways differ between organisms. In some tissues and organisms, glycolysis is the sole method of energy production. This pathway is common to both anaerobic and aerobic respiration.  Metabolism 1996. 29) Beltramo E, Berrone E, Tarallo S, Porta M. Effects of thiamine and benfothiamine on intracellular glucose metabolism and relevance in the prevention.. Glucose metabolism in skeletal muscle requires regulation at multiple steps including glucose uptake, glucose storage, and glucose oxidation or glycolysis
..metabolism: The metabolism of the carbohydrates galactose, fructose, and glucose is intricately Disorders of carbohydrate metabolism. Galactose and fructose disorders Hormones released from the pancreas regulate the overall metabolism of glucose. Insulin and glucagon are the primary hormones involved in maintaining a steady level of glucose in the blood, and the release of each is controlled by the amount of nutrients currently available. The amount of insulin released in the blood and sensitivity of the cells to the insulin both determine the amount of glucose that cells break down. Increased levels of glucagon activates the enzymes that catalyze glycogenolysis, and inhibits the enzymes that catalyze glycogenesis. Conversely, glycogenesis is enhanced and glycogenolysis inhibited when there are high levels of insulin in the blood. Blood glucose levels sometimes drop after physical activities and in between meals. The cells in the pancreas often respond to the low glucose levels in the blood by producing the hormone glucagon. Glucagon generally functions to increase blood glucose levels in times of low supply.
Glucose is liberated from dietary carbohydrate such as starch or sucrose by hydrolysis within The effects of insulin on glucose metabolism vary depending on the target tissue disruption to brain glucose metabolism. generation of stress proteins. Let's not also forget that in 2011 the World Health Organization (WHO) classified radio frequency radiation as.. Glucose, galactose, and glutamine metabolism in pig isolated enterocytes during development
Metabolic Disease Metabolism is the sum of the chemical processes and interconversions that take place in the cells and the fluids of the body Regulation of glucose metabolism from a liver-centric perspective. Exp Mol Med. 2016 Mar; 48(3): e218 4 Liangyou Rui When you suddenly switch your body's metabolism from burning carbs (glucose) to fat and ketones, you may have some side effects as your body gets used to its new fuel.. This pathway is regulated by multiple different molecules. Glucagon, adrenocorticotropic hormone, and ATP encourage gluconeogenesis. Gluconeogenesis is inhibited by AMP, ADP, and insulin. Insulin and glucagon are the two most common regulators of gluconeogenesis. Page 2 of Download Glucose metabolism stock vectors at the best vector graphic agency with millions of Glucose metabolism stock vectors and royalty-free illustrations
If you are not taking food for a prolonged time, then the blood glucose level drops. Your body cells need glucose for energy, so the liver starts to convert the stored glycogen into glucose and releases it into the bloodstream. In this screencast, learners read about the seven hormones that help regulate blood glucose Understanding Blood Glucose Regulation And How Diabetes Develops How High Blood Sugar Damages Tissues And Promotes Aging Abnormal glucose and insulin metabolism has been implicated in Alzheimer.. Glucose metabolism is frequently impaired in CKD.164,165 In end-stage renal disease Glucose metabolism has been studied extensively in the fetus and newborn, both in.. Study with AMBOSS for: STEP 1 | STEP 2 CK | STEP 2 CS | Shelf Exams
..related to Glucose metabolism which encompasses carbohydrate metabolism. The lessons we will be discussing are 1.Overview of Glucose Metabolism 2.Glycolysis Plasma glucose concentration is normally maintained within a narrow range despite Glucose. FIG. 1. Schematic representation of the control of glycogen metabolism in the.. Diabetes & Metabolism, publishes high-quality original research papers by internationally leading teams, forming a close link between hospital and research units Metabolism. The hepatocytes of the liver are tasked with many of the important Glucose is transported into hepatocytes under the influence of the hormone insulin and.. metabolism All chemical reactions within organisms that enable them to maintain life. Cells can further catabolize these glucose units to release energy for activities such as..
Glucose homeostasis is under the control of multiple factors linked to genetics and Dietary factors are important determinants of glucose metabolism, and, among them.. glucose metabolism in RBCs. 1. glucose transport into a cell by GLUT 2. glucose phosphorylation by hexokinase 3. pentose phosphate pathway 4. glycolysis 5..
Through the process of glycogenolysis, glucagon technically converts the glycogen stored in the liver and muscles into glucose. During periods of fasting and starvation, glucagon mostly stimulates the liver to convert non-carbohydrate sources into glucose for cell use to prevent very low levels of glucose in the blood. Examples of these non-carbohydrate sources inside the body are glycerol, amino acids, lactate, and pyruvate. The incidence of abnormal glucose metabolism in patients with rheumatoid arthritis was considerably higher than the general population
However, this is often difficult to do and therefore there will be times when high and low blood sugars will result, which have to be treated accordingly by the diabetic. Glukoosin moolimassa on 180,2 g/mol, sulamispiste 146 °C, tiheys 1,56 g/cm3 (vesi = 1,0 g/cm3) ja CAS-numero 50-99-7. α-D-glukoosi, rengasmuoto (Haworth-projektio). 3D-malli beta-D-glukoosista
GLUCOSE METABOLISM - GLUCOSE METABOLISM Introduction In this class you will examine the handling of a glucose drink or starch meal by monitoring glucose Table of contents Glucose Metabolism in Naïve and Activated T Cells mTOR Regulation of Glucose Metabolism, T Cell Activation, and Differentiatio Carbohydrates are central to many essential metabolic pathways. Plants synthesize carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water through photosynthesis, allowing them to store energy absorbed from sunlight internally. When animals and fungi consume plants, they use cellular respiration to break down these stored carbohydrates to make energy available to cells. Both animals and plants temporarily store the released energy in the form of high-energy molecules, such as ATP, for use in various cellular processes. Diabetes and Glucose Metabolism. 15,139 views. 16. Diabetes Mellitus<br />Metabolic dysregulation associated with DM causes secondary pathophysiologic changes in.. Metabolism of chromoproteids and biochemistry of the liver. Respiratory physiology. Carbohydrate Metabolism I: Aerobic oxidation of glucose
Sequence of glycogen synthesis starting from glucose: Glc → Glc-6-P → Glc-1-P → UDP-Glc → glycogen Carbohydrate metabolism is a fundamental biochemical process that ensures a constant supply of energy to living cells. The most important carbohydrate is glucose.. Our metabolism can more easily access the antioxidant that makes tomatoes red when A ketogenic diet is one diet that starves the body of glucose sources so that it's forced to.. If the next meal is sufficiently far away, the body may have time to catch up and produce enough new (phase 2) insulin to catch up and bring blood sugar levels back to normal.
Glucose metabolism is the digestion of carbohydrate food, the first nutrient that extracts out is glucose (or sugar) and released put into the bloodstream. Share. Tweet. Share. Share. Email. The metabolism of people with diabetes differs to the metabolism of people without it Actovegin - lääke, jonka avulla voit kiihdyttäähapen ja glukoosin metabolia elimistössä. Raaka-aineena on nuorten vasikoiden verta (ei yli 8 kuukautta). Actovegin, jonka ohjeita tulee lukea.. Module 12: Carbohydrate Metabolism Pathways. 7. Electron Transport Chain. 8. Aerobic Glucose Metabolism Totals and Anaerobic Respiration Digestion of carbohydrates is by mechanical (chewing in the mouth) and chemical (enzyme’s secretion by the body) process of digestion.
The pentose phosphate pathway is an alternative method of oxidizing glucose. It occurs in the liver, adipose tissue, adrenal cortex, testis, milk glands, phagocyte cells, and red blood cells. It produces products that are used in other cell processes, while reducing NADP to NADPH. This pathway is regulated through changes in the activity of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. Carbohydrates are typically stored as long polymers of glucose molecules with glycosidic bonds for structural support (e.g. chitin, cellulose) or for energy storage (e.g. glycogen, starch). However, the strong affinity of most carbohydrates for water makes storage of large quantities of carbohydrates inefficient due to the large molecular weight of the solvated water-carbohydrate complex. In most organisms, excess carbohydrates are regularly catabolised to form acetyl-CoA, which is a feed stock for the fatty acid synthesis pathway; fatty acids, triglycerides, and other lipids are commonly used for long-term energy storage. The hydrophobic character of lipids makes them a much more compact form of energy storage than hydrophilic carbohydrates. However, animals, including humans, lack the necessary enzymatic machinery and so do not synthesize glucose from lipids (with a few exceptions, e.g. glycerol). UDP-glucose: activated form of glucose; building block for glycogen synthesis and glycogenolysis. Glycogen metabolism is regulated mainly by hormones
, but at the same time leads to Our model enables for the first time to simulate hepatic glucose metabolism in depth Carbohydrate metabolism is the whole of the biochemical processes responsible for the metabolic formation, breakdown, and interconversion of carbohydrates in living organisms. Detoxification, metabolism (including regulation of glycogen storage), hormone regulation, protein Conversion of excess glucose into glycogen for storage (glycogen can later be..
Hyperglycemia is the technical term for high blood glucose (blood sugar). High blood sugar happens when the body has too little insulin or when the body can't use insulin properly DSI's HD-XG implant is capable of being used in several types of applications including the following: IPGTT or intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test For details on the carbohydrate glucose, see glucose metabolism (synthesis and breakdown) and glycogen metabolism (storage)
ChREBP, a glucose-responsive transcriptional factor, enhances glucose metabolism to support biosynthesis in human cytomegalovirus-infected cells A part of glycogen is not degraded by glycogen phosphorylase and debranching enzymes but in lysosomes by lysosomal alpha-glucosidase. Deficiency of this enzyme results in Pompe Disease (glycogen storage disease II).Many steps of carbohydrate metabolism allow the cells to access energy and store it more transiently in ATP. The cofactors NAD+ and FAD are sometimes reduced during this process to form NADH and FADH2, which drive the creation of ATP in other processes. A molecule of NADH can produce 1.5–2.5 molecules of ATP, whereas a molecule of FADH2 yields 1.5 molecules of ATP.
Glucose metabolism generates glycolytic intermediates that can supply subsidiary pathways including the hexosamine pathway, PPP, and one-carbon metabolism, all of.. If there is any problem or deficiency in glucose metabolism - whether it is glucose absorption, insulin secretion, glucose use, glucose storage, or releasing stored glucose. This minor deficiency in glucose metabolism will progressively develop diabetes. Connections Of Carbohydrate, Protein, And Lipid Metabolic Pathways. Connecting Other Sugars to Glucose Metabolism Sugars, such as galactose, fructose, and glycogen.. Glycogenolysis refers to the breakdown of glycogen. In the liver, muscles, and the kidney, this process occurs to provide glucose when necessary. A single glucose molecule is cleaved from a branch of glycogen, and is transformed into glucose-1-phosphate during this process. This molecule can then be converted to glucose-6-phosphate, an intermediate in the glycolysis pathway.
W. Fetal glucose metabolism, Semin. Perinat., v. 3, p. 157, 1979; P o-1 у с 1) r o n a k о s С. а. о. Carbohydrate intolerance in children and adolescents with Turner syndrome, J.. The major steps in glucose metabolism include glucose uptake by tissues, such as the liver, muscles, and adipose tissue; glucose oxidation; glycogenesis; glycogenolysis.. Низкоуглеводные диеты помогают Improvements in glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity with a low-carbohydrate diet in obese patients with type 2 diabetes.. Study Glucose Metabolism flashcards from Isabelle Bigio's University of Auckland class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. ✓ Learn faster with spaced repetition
›› Glucose molecular weight. Molar mass of C6H12O6 = 180.15588 g/mol. Convert grams Glucose to moles or moles Glucose to grams Impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance: implications for care. Thioctic acid--effects on insulin sensitivity and glucose-metabolism 16. Reduces high blood triglycerides. 17. Improvement of glucose metabolism reduces insulin resistance and therefore lowers the risk of diabetes or regulates better the disease.. Cell Metabolism. 1.2K likes. Cell Press journal publishing cutting-edge research in metabolic biology, from molecular/cellular biology to translational.. Introduction. Cellular respiration can take place either in the presence or absence of oxygen leaving separate end products respectively
Altered myocardial fatty acid and glucose metabolism in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol 40: 271-277, 2002 Applied Sciences Lecture Course. Glucose and Lactate metabolism in acute illness. Mahesh Nirmalan MD, FRCA, PhD Consultant, Critical Care Medicine Manchester Royal..
One of our editors will review your suggestion and make changes if warranted. Note that depending on the number of suggestions we receive, this can take anywhere from a few hours to a few days. Thank you for helping to improve wiseGEEK! After digestion, the small intestine absorbs the available glucose in the food and releases into the bloodstream. So the blood-glucose level in the blood rises. The pancreas responds to this by releasing stored insulin. Insulin allows glucose from the blood to be used for energy by the body’s cells. Also, muscles and the liver store excess glucose as glycogen.Disruptions in glycogen degradation lead to an accumulation of normal or pathologically structured glycogen in cells. Glycogen storage diseases are caused by inherited enzyme deficiencies of glycogenolysis and primarily affect skeletal muscles and the liver, the main glycogen stores in the body.
Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Check types, symptoms, causes & treatments of diabetes Overview of metabolic pathways, energy flow in a cell, and anabolism and catabolism. Overview of metabolism. This is the currently selected item Download scientific diagram | Glucose metabolism in cancer cells. Cellular metabolism influences life and death decisions. An emerging theme in cancer biology is that..
The level of circulatory glucose (known informally as "blood sugar") is the most important factor determining the amount of glucagon or insulin produced. The release of glucagon is precipitated by low levels of blood glucose, whereas high levels of blood glucose stimulates cells to produce insulin. Because the level of circulatory glucose is largely determined by the intake of dietary carbohydrates, diet controls major aspects of metabolism via insulin. In humans, insulin is made by beta cells in the pancreas, fat is stored in adipose tissue cells, and glycogen is both stored and released as needed by liver cells. Regardless of insulin levels, no glucose is released to the blood from internal glycogen stores from muscle cells. In people with insulin resistance, cells don't respond normally to insulin and glucose Samson SL, et al. Metabolic syndrome. Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North.. Start studying metabolia mikrobit. Learn vocabulary, terms and more with flashcards, games and other study tools. Glukoosin hajotusreitti:Glykolyysieli Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas-reaktioreitti Biochemistry lecture about Overview of glucose metabolism. http Carbohydrate metabolism denotes the various biochemical processes responsible for the formation.. Glycogen metabolism is regulated mainly by hormones. It is based on the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of glycogen phosphorylase and glycogen synthase by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase A. Since the glycogen in the liver has different functions from that in skeletal muscle, each is regulated differently. For example, skeletal muscle also has allosteric (non-hormonal) regulation via ATP, AMP, and calcium ions.
Glucose Metabolism is a Part of Carbohydrates Metabolism Carbohydrate The decreased control of glucose metabolism by insulin causes the diabetic to be in But after a few days or weeks, hunger increases and their metabolism slows down I advocate a low glycemic load diet — one that controls the surge in blood glucose and..
• Glucose: The intracellular form of glucose is glucose-6-phosphate. CHEM464/Medh, J.D. Integration of Metabolism. Metabolic Fate of Amino Acids Научные источники: The impact of sleep disorders on glucose metabolism, source. Fat circadian biology, source Metabolism comprises of two major parts: anabolism and catabolism. Catabolism is the set of metabolic processes that break down large molecules
However, as mentioned above, this puts strain on the beta cells which can fail therefore reducing the number of active insulin producing cells, this therefore further slows down the production capability of insulin which helps to escalate the problem further. Also, proteins in the meal broken down into glucose to some degree, but this process is prolonged than from carbohydrates. Gut microbiota and metabolic syndrome World J Gastroenterol. Gut microbiota controls adipose tissue expansion, gut barrier and glucose metabolism: novel insights.. Gluconeogenesis is the reverse process of glycolysis. It involves the conversion of non-carbohydrate molecules into glucose. The non-carbohydrate molecules that are converted in this pathway include pyruvate, lactate, glycerol, alanine, and glutamine. This process occurs when there are lowered amounts of glucose. The liver is the primary location of gluconeogenesis, but some also occurs in the kidney. The liver is the organ that breaks down the various non-carbohydrate molecules and sends them out to other organs and tissues to be used in Gluconeogenesis.
Fructose must undergo certain extra steps in order to enter the glycolysis pathway. Enzymes located in certain tissues can add a phosphate group to fructose. This phosphorylation creates fructose-6-phosphate, an intermediate in the glycolysis pathway that can be broken down directly in those tissues. This pathway occurs in the muscles, adipose tissue, and kidney. In the liver, enzymes produce fructose-1-phosphate, which enters the glycolysis pathway and is later cleaved into glyceraldehyde and dihydroxyacetone phosphate. Glucose metabolism is the process which generally converts glucose into energy for cell utilization. This energy mostly is in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) Category:Glucose metabolism disorders. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Jump to navigation Jump to search